On the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox

Octubre 20, 2022
De 5:00pm hasta 6:00pm

IFT Seminar Room/Red Room

Specialist level
Alexander Bernal González

IFT Seminar Room/Red Room


Alexander Bernal González will present the paper by J.S. Bell, 1964 (https://cds.cern.ch/record/111654/files/vol1p195-200_001.pdf)

The paradox of Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen was advanced as an argument that quantum mechanics could not be a complete theory but should be supplemented by additional variables. These additional variables were to restore to the theory causality and locality. In this note that idea will be formulated mathematically and shown to be incompatible with the statistical predictions of quantum mechanics. It is the requirement of locality, or more precisely that the result of a measurement on one system be unaffected by operations on a distant system with which it has interacted in the past, that creates the essential difficulty. There have been attempts to show that even without such a separability or locality requirement no "hidden variable" interpretation of quantum mechanics is possible. These attempts have been examined elsewhere and found wanting. Moreover, a hidden variable interpretation of elementary quantum theory has been explicitly constructed. That particular interpretation has indeed a grossly nonlocal structure. This is characteristic, according to the result to be proved here, of any such theory which reproduces exactly the quantum mechanical predictions.