Extracting Scattering Amplitudes from Euclidean Correlators

May 20, 2024
3:00pm to 4:00pm

IFT Seminar Room/Red Room

Specialist level
Agostino Patella
Humboldt U.

IFT Seminar Room/Red Room


Scattering amplitudes can be extracted from time-ordered n-point functions by means of the well known LSZ reduction formula, even in non-perturbative Quantum Field Theories, such as Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). However, in the context of Lattice QCD, one can access only Euclidean n-point functions sampled at discrete points and with finite (but systematically improvable) precision and accuracy. This makes the problem of analytically continuing back to Minkowski space-time ill-posed. I will present here one particular strategy which allows to extract scattering amplitudes from Euclidean correlators (in infinite volume), while avoiding analytic continuation, technically turning an ill-posed problem into a merely ill-conditioned one.

Working in the axiomatic framework of the Haag-Ruelle scattering theory, we show that scattering amplitudes can be approximated arbitrarily well in terms of linear combinations of Euclidean correlators at discrete time separations. The essential feature of the proposed approximants is that one can calculate them, at least in principle, from Lattice-QCD data, in combination with spectral-reconstruction techniques à la Backus-Gilbert or HLT. In this talk, after reviewing the basic ideas behind  Haag-Ruelle scattering theory, I will sketch the derivation of the approximations formulae, and discuss extensively how they can be used in practical numerical calculations. Also, similarities and differences with other methods, e.g. Lüscher's formalism, will be reviewed.