Hydrodynamic dispersion relations at finite coupling

December 4, 2023
11:30am to 1:00pm

Grey Room 3

Specialist level
David García Fariña

Grey Room 3


arXiv: 2104.11035 and 1605.02173

By using holographic methods, the radii of convergence of the hydrodynamic shear and sound dispersion relations were previously computed in the =4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory at infinite 't Hooft coupling and infinite number of colours. Here, we extend this analysis to the domain of large but finite 't Hooft coupling. To leading order in the perturbative expansion, we find that the radii grow with increasing inverse coupling, contrary to naive expectations. However, when the equations of motion are solved using a qualitative non-perturbative resummation, the dependence on the coupling becomes piecewise continuous and the initial growth is followed by a decrease. The piecewise nature of the dependence is related to the dynamics of branch point singularities of the energy-momentum tensor finite-temperature two-point functions in the complex plane of spatial momentum squared. We repeat the study using the Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity as a model where the equations can be solved fully non-perturbatively, and find the expected decrease of the radii of convergence with the effective inverse coupling which is also piecewise continuous. Finally, we provide arguments in favour of the non-perturbative approach and show that the presence of non-perturbative modes in the quasinormal spectrum can be indirectly inferred from the analysis of perturbative critical points.